Hydroponic farming vs Soil farming

Hydroponic farming:

  • Hydroponic is also commonly know as soil-less cultivation.
  • It is define as a method of growing plants in a mineral nutrient solution.
  • The composition of the solution is pre determinate and depends on the plant that is cultivate in it.
  • The solution is usually compose with essential anions and captions namely calcium, magnesium, potassium, nitrate and sulphate.
  • Some of the main types of hydroponics are solution culture and medium culture, which are again subdivide.
  • Static solution culture, continuous-flow solution culture, and Aeroponics are the main types of solution cultures, whereas the medium culture method is name according to the type of medium such as sand culture and gravel culture.
  • Hydroponic system has several advantages. Due to no soil requirement, this method is suitable for cultivation in any urban area where in-ground agriculture is impossible.
  • Nutrient loss and media loss will be very low because of all those are pre determine in this cultivation.
  • This method is identify as an environmental friendly, less polluting one.
  • When considering the yield, it is usually higher than normal soil cultivation due to intensive practices, and harvesting is very easy.
  • Although this method has a number of advantages, there can be several disadvantages too.
  • Pathogen attacks the plants due to high moisture levels.
  • Susceptibility to a rapid death due to low buffering capacity than the soil can be identify as most common disadvantages in hydroponic.



Soil Farming:

  • Usually plants are cultivate in soil. It means the media for those plants is normal soil.
  • Soil cultivations again can be categorized into several other sub categories.
  • They include field cultivation and potted cultivation.
  • In field cultivation, agricultural lands are prepare for the cultivation by doing land preparation and other cultivation practices.
  • The land can be modify as cultivation beds for the easiness of other management practices.
  • In ancient agriculture, people did not use additional fertilizer for their soil cultivations.
  • Instead of that, they change their land on a rotation.
  • However, with the limitation of agricultural lands, now people do not have enough lands to rotate.
  • In other words, they cannot wait until land is rehabilitate.
  • Therefore, to obtain more quick reactions, farmers tend to add chemical fertilizers to the field.
  • That is how the soil becomes fertile, and those nutrients are available for the plants to absorb.
  • Different soil types are used to cultivate different crops.
  • As an example, root crops need fine soils for a better root growth, whereas the perennial fruit crops do not.
  • Potted cultivations are mainly used for horticultural or exportation purposes. The media filled to the pot may depend on the plant that grows on it.



  • The simplest difference between the hydroponic and soil cultivations is the usage of soil.
  • As the name indicates, soil cultivation requires soil, whereas hydroponic is referred as soilless cultivation.
  • The yield obtain by hydroponic method is higher than soil cultivation and easy to harvest.
  • Hydroponics is suitable for large-scale commercial cultivation and for urban areas, where ground cultivation is not suitable.